Sant Joan: parties, bonfires and Summer solstice
Article updated 25 November, 2019.
Sant Joan is a very popular holiday in Catalonia. Discover why it's called the night of fire, the night of witches, and even the night of noise!
all over the city
23rd to 24th June
from nightfall until early morning
for a fiery fiesta
Sant Joan is celebrated on the night of the 23rd-24th of June. Although it is celebrated all over Spain, it is more significant for Catalans, who consider it their national holiday.
Origins and popularity of Sant Joan
The origin of Sant Joan is unknown. Some suggest that it is a pagan celebration that pre-dates Christianity, celebrating the Summer solstice. Others state that it is the devil’s night and that it is cursed, as it is the furthest date from Christmas night.
Franco’s regime tried to ban the Sant Joan celebrations as it was considered to be a pagan feast unworthy of Christians. However, despite this, the celebrations continued in secret.
Sant Joan food
Sant Joan is celebrated with a huge dinner accompanied by cava and wine.
- The emblematic dish of the 23rd of June is the Sant Joan cake, a sweet loaf filled with crystalised fruit. A savoury version made with little pieces of bacon is also very popular with Catalans.
The Night of Fire
Fire, ancestral symbol of Sant Joan
Fire has always been a symbol of Sant Joan, as it is supposed to keep away evil creatures, and also clouds bringing bad weather.
Fires are lit by groups of families or friends, or even in public squares. In Barcelona Sant Joan fires are lit all over the city.
The flame of Canigou
Since 1955, one of the rituals of Sant Joan has consisted of lighting a flame at the top of Mount Canigou, in the Catalan Pyrenees, and then carrying it across Catalonia to light different Sant Joan fires across the region.
Thanks to a great number of volunteers, the flame reaches around 300 villages every year and lights around 30,000 fires!
You can find out the route of the flame on the 23rd of June from 12:30 pm to 7:30 pm on the site of the mayor of Barcelona.
Firecrackers and fireworks
Little ones generally have fun with sparklers and bombetes, while fireworks tend to delight the older kids.
- Remember to watch children carefully! Accidents happen easily…
Beliefs around Sant Joan
According to legend, fantastical creatures meet during the night of Sant Joan.
Sant Joan’s evil creatures
It is said that Sant Joan is the favourite night of the Ànima de Cantiret and Gambutzí, two terrifying creatures invented to dissuade children from straying too far from their village.
Joanets are little balls of light that jealously guard treasures. If you try to catch them, they will defend themselves with bites and burns.
It is also said that the dust from trees on the 23rd of June has a sex, and if you are unlucky enough to have the dust of the opposite sex fall on you, you are guaranteed a disastrous marriage.
Sant Joan’s kindly creatures
Sant Joan is also a time for the annual appearance of the piropo, who goes around creating love by shooting his victims with arrows from his magic bow.
Dama Fortuna is also out and about on this magical night, and if you pass her you are guaranteed to have good luck for the rest of your days.
Medicinal herbs and magic potions
According to popular belief, Sant Joan Bautista always blessed herbs at midnight, giving them curative properties and making them lucky.
It is said that if you you pick the Sant Joan herb and you place it upside down in a closed red bag it will protect you from headaches for a year.
The beach, dedicated playground of Sant Joan
Sant Joan takes place all over the city. You will have no trouble finding bonfires surrounded by revellers!
- Tip: go and spend the night on the beach, where the celebrations are most spectacular.
- Be sure to arrive early (before sunset) as the beach gets full quickly. You can take a picnic and it’s a nice way to wait for the festivities to start.
- You can buy drinks in various bars that open onto the beach for the occasion.
- If you’re thinking of dinner in a restaurant, it’s a good idea to book ahead.
- By metro: runs all night from the 23rd to 24th June, but it is always packed!
- By taxi: be patient, it’s very difficult to find a taxi on the night of Sant Joan.
Pickpockets, accidents and the morning after
All of the Sant Joan displays are free, so they attract huge numbers of people.
- Do not bring valuables with you. Pickpockets move through the crowds, so be very vigilant. Read our article Ten anti-pickpocket tips for Barcelona.
- Do not get involved in big crowds and be very careful! Accidents take place every year at Sant Joan due to fireworks and alcohol abuse.
The 24th of June is a holiday, so many restaurants and shops are closed and the city is almost deserted, giving you a great chance to recover from the night before!
Like this article?